Wednesday, March 26, 2014

EJSS car suspension model

EJSS car suspension model, an original model by lookang
EJSS car suspension model with critical damping
http://weelookang.blogspot.sg/2014/03/ejss-car-suspension-model.html
https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/44365627/lookangEJSworkspace/export/ejss_model_SHMxvaverticalcar/SHMxvaverticalcar_Simulation.html
source: https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/44365627/lookangEJSworkspace/export/ejss_src_SHMxvaverticalcar.zip
author: lookang
author of EJSS 5.0 Francisco Esquembre
EJSS car suspension model with critical damping
http://weelookang.blogspot.sg/2014/03/ejss-car-suspension-model.html
https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/44365627/lookangEJSworkspace/export/ejss_model_SHMxvaverticalcar/SHMxvaverticalcar_Simulation.html
source: https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/44365627/lookangEJSworkspace/export/ejss_src_SHMxvaverticalcar.zip
author: lookang
author of EJSS 5.0 Francisco Esquembre


EJSS SHM model with resonance showing Amplitude vs frequency graphs, heavy damping (RED)
frequency ratio for better x azes values
https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/44365627/lookangEJSworkspace/export/ejss_model_SHMresonance01/SHMresonance01_Simulation.html
author: lookang
author of EJSS 5.0 Francisco Esquembre



No damping

EJSS car suspension model with no damping
http://weelookang.blogspot.sg/2014/03/ejss-car-suspension-model.html
https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/44365627/lookangEJSworkspace/export/ejss_model_SHMxvaverticalcar/SHMxvaverticalcar_Simulation.html
source: https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/44365627/lookangEJSworkspace/export/ejss_src_SHMxvaverticalcar.zip
author: lookang
author of EJSS 5.0 Francisco Esquembre

Very light damping

EJSS car suspension model with very light damping
http://weelookang.blogspot.sg/2014/03/ejss-car-suspension-model.html
https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/44365627/lookangEJSworkspace/export/ejss_model_SHMxvaverticalcar/SHMxvaverticalcar_Simulation.html
source: https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/44365627/lookangEJSworkspace/export/ejss_src_SHMxvaverticalcar.zip
author: lookang
author of EJSS 5.0 Francisco Esquembre


Light damping

EJSS car suspension model with light damping
http://weelookang.blogspot.sg/2014/03/ejss-car-suspension-model.html
https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/44365627/lookangEJSworkspace/export/ejss_model_SHMxvaverticalcar/SHMxvaverticalcar_Simulation.html
source: https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/44365627/lookangEJSworkspace/export/ejss_src_SHMxvaverticalcar.zip
author: lookang
author of EJSS 5.0 Francisco Esquembre

Moderate damping

EJSS car suspension model with moderate damping
http://weelookang.blogspot.sg/2014/03/ejss-car-suspension-model.html
https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/44365627/lookangEJSworkspace/export/ejss_model_SHMxvaverticalcar/SHMxvaverticalcar_Simulation.html
source: https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/44365627/lookangEJSworkspace/export/ejss_src_SHMxvaverticalcar.zip
author: lookang
author of EJSS 5.0 Francisco Esquembre

Critical damping

EJSS car suspension model with critical damping
http://weelookang.blogspot.sg/2014/03/ejss-car-suspension-model.html
https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/44365627/lookangEJSworkspace/export/ejss_model_SHMxvaverticalcar/SHMxvaverticalcar_Simulation.html
source: https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/44365627/lookangEJSworkspace/export/ejss_src_SHMxvaverticalcar.zip
author: lookang
author of EJSS 5.0 Francisco Esquembre

Heavy damping

EJSS car suspension model with heavy damping
http://weelookang.blogspot.sg/2014/03/ejss-car-suspension-model.html
https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/44365627/lookangEJSworkspace/export/ejss_model_SHMxvaverticalcar/SHMxvaverticalcar_Simulation.html
source: https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/44365627/lookangEJSworkspace/export/ejss_src_SHMxvaverticalcar.zip
author: lookang
author of EJSS 5.0 Francisco Esquembre

Wikipedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suspension_(vehicle) A rear independent suspension on an AWD car


YJC note

13.3.2 Applications of Critical Damping
1) Car suspension
The spring of a car’s suspension is critically damped so that when a car goes over a bump, the passenger in the car quickly and smoothly regains equilibrium.
However, car suspensions are often adjusted to slightly under-critically damped condition to give a more comfortable ride. Critical damping also leaves the car ready to respond to further bumps in the road quickly.

The equations that model the motion of the car suspension spring mass system are:

Mathematically, the restoring force $ F $ is given by 

$ F = - k y $

where $ F $  is the restoring elastic force exerted by the spring (in SI units: N), k is the spring constant (N·m−1), and y is the displacement from the equilibrium position (in m).

Thus, this model assumes the following ordinary differential equations:

$ \frac{\delta x}{\delta t} = v_{y} $


$ \frac{\delta v_{y}[i]}{\delta t} = -\frac{k}{m}(y) - \frac{bv_{y}}{m} + \frac{A sin(2 \pi f t)}{m} $

where the terms

$ -\frac{k}{m}(y) $ represents the restoring force component as a result of the spring extending and compressing.

$ - \frac{bv_{y}}{m}$ represents the damping force component as a result of dampers retarding the car mass's motion.

$ + \frac{A sin(2 \pi f[i] t)}{m} $ represents the driving force component as a result of a external periodic force acting the mass $ m $ for example from the road.

Forced oscillations

Forced oscillations are oscillations that are subjected to a periodic driving force provided by an external agent such as motor or a push by a person etc.

Resonance is an interesting phenomenon that occurs when driving force frequency matches that of the system's natural oscillating frequency resulting in a motion that reaches some maximum amplitude.

Resonance

In physics, resonance is the tendency of a system to oscillate with greater amplitude at some frequencies than at others. Frequencies at which the response amplitude is a relative maximum are known as the system's resonant frequencies, or resonance frequencies. At these frequencies, even small periodic driving forces $ + \frac{A sin(2 \pi f t)}{m} $ can produce large amplitude oscillations, because the system stores vibrational energy.

Resonance occurs when a system is able to store and easily transfer energy between two or more different storage modes (such as kinetic energy and potential energy in the case of a spring mass system). However, there are some losses from cycle to cycle, called damping. When damping is small, the resonant frequency is approximately equal to the natural frequency of the system, which is a frequency of unforced vibrations. Some systems have multiple, distinct, resonant frequencies.